Question: Which country is Kiel?


Kiel, city, capital (1945) of Schleswig-Holstein Land (state), northern Germany. Kiel is a port on both sides of the Kiel Fjord, an inlet of the western Baltic Sea, and lies at the eastern end of the Kiel Canal.

The capital of Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel is a maritime city in the 17-kilometre Kiel Fjord. The city is also at the eastern lock of the busiest artificial waterway on the planet, the Kiel Canal, tying the North Sea to the Baltic.

At Kiel Week in June thousands of competitors set sail for the city to compete in the largest regatta in the world, together with a big party that sweeps across the whole city.

The are 2000 events packed into the week, including boat races for a host of categories setting off from the Schilksee harbour, where the sailing events for the 1972 Olympics were staged.

Which country is Kiel?

More than 100 historic vessels dock in the city and many welcome visitors aboard. Kiellinie Source: Kiellinie On the west bank of the Kiel Fjord is a waterfront promenade beginning in the north at the naval base.

Which country is Kiel?

The route takes you past rows of boathouses for rowers, sailors and canoeists as well as the Heimholtz Centre for Ocean Research, which has an outdoor seal aquarium. During Kiel Week the promenade has a real bustle to it as there are concert stages, and crowds two or three people deep gather to watch the races in the fjord. At any other time there are a few places to stop for a coffee to get out of the cold in winter. There are stirring views over to the ThyssenKrupp shipyards on the east bank, and you can watch the colossal cruise ships pulling into the harbour.

German Submarine U-995 Source: Shutterstock German Submarine Which country is Kiel? On a beach on the eastern lip of the fjord at Laboe is a wartime U-boat that has been turned into a technical museum. You can get there from Kiel on the 100 or 102 buses. The submarine was damaged in 1944 and spent the remainder of the war at a dock in Trondheim. After the war it was commissioned by the Norwegian navy and was in service until the 60s, before ending up close to the Naval Memorial in Laboe and opening as a museum in 1972.

Marine-Ehrenmal Laboe Naval Memorial Source: Marine-Ehrenmal Laboe You can easily spot this landmark several kilometres away at the Kiellinie.

The Naval Memorial is a tower 72 metres high, built between 1927 and 1936. The tower has a concrete frame and brick cladding, and was first erected to commemorate sailors killed during the First World War.

Following the Second World War the structure is now a monument to peaceful seafaring and victims from all nations killed during the World Wars. You can go up to viewing platform via two elevators or 341 stairs and survey the Kiel Fjord, while below is a memorial hall and a small museum exhibition. One exhibition here charts the construction of the Kiel Canal, which was completed in 1895 and connected the North Sea with the Baltic. There are logbooks, maps, model ships, navigation instruments and a cross-section of the Seehund midget submarine from the Second World War.

The museum has its own dock where a few historical vessels are Which country is Kiel?.

Port of Kiel: Bringing ships to the power socket

Lined up are a fireboat, Which country is Kiel? lifeboat launched in 1944 and finally a buoy tender, the Bussard, from 1966.

Which country is Kiel?

When this Art Nouveau edifice was constructed during the 1900s it was actually in the suburbs to the west of the Old Town. At the time of writing this Which country is Kiel? the tower was closed for refurbishment, but ordinarily it welcomes visitors for tours of the Art Nouveau interiors and up to the observation platform Which country is Kiel? 67 metres. In its time it has come through a lot of changes.

The most dramatic were in the 1870s when it was updated in a Gothic Revival style, and again after the war when modern materials like reinforced concrete were used in the reconstruction. The Nikolaikirche witnessed controversial sermons by the rabble-rousing Anabaptist Melchior Hoffman in 1528. Zoological Museum of Kiel University Source: Zoological Museum Of Kiel University The building for this museum was designed in the 1870s by one of the eminent architects of the day, Martin Gropius, great uncle of Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius.

Schleusenanlage Kiel-Holtenau Source: Schleusenanlage Kiel-Holtenau The busiest man-made waterway in the world busier than Suez or Panama begins just a few Which country is Kiel? north of the centre of Kiel at Holtenau. More than 120 years after it opened, the Kiel Canal is used by 31,000 ships and 15,000 recreational boats, cutting 460 kilometres from a journey around the Jutland Peninsula.

The easternmost locks at Holtenau are where construction began in 1887. On the south side is an outdoor visitor centre with information boards and telescopes set up for you to watch the traffic. On the north side are the remnants of Which country is Kiel?

old Eider Canal 1784-1887which was a predecessor to the Kiel Canal but had to be replaced Which country is Kiel? the advent of steam shipping. Moving into the 1900s there are Expressionists and New Objectivity artists such as Emil Nolde, Karl Hofer and Alexander Kanoldt. The other strong-point is contemporary art by German big-hitters like Sigmar Polke, Gerhard Richter and Georg Baselitz.

Leuchtturm Bülk Source: Leuchtturm Bülk On a small cape at the western entrance to the Kiel Fjord is a lighthouse begun by the Danes when they controlled Which country is Kiel? territory in 1862. Construction was interrupted by the Second Schleswig War, after which Schleswig-Holstein belonged to Prussia. Leuchtturm Bülk is the oldest lighthouse on the fjord and issues a red signal to warn ships of the treacherous sandbank shoal at the entrance.

The lighthouse is open to the public and you head up 25 metres to the lantern and pick out sights on the horizon like the Naval Monument on the opposite bank. At the foot of the tower is a cafe serving hot drinks, cakes and snacks from 10:00. Stadtmuseum Warleberger Hof Source: Stadtmuseum Warleberger Hof As a naval base, Kiel sustained more bombing than most German cities during the Second World War.

Warleberger Hof is the kind of townhouse that was once found all over the Altstadt, and has a sandstone portal, painted stucco ceilings, silk Which country is Kiel?

and murals from a plush makeover in the 18th century. Now, the proper way to eat them is by eating the whole thing, head, tail bones and all, because the fish is so soft. But it is possible to remove the head and pull the bones out via the tail in one easy motion. Holstenstraße Source: Holstenstraße Linking the big Karstadt department store in the Vorstadt with the Nikolaikirche in the Altstadt, Holstenstraße is one of the oldest streets in the city.

The street was almost totally obliterated during the war, and during reconstruction in 1953-1957 it was closed off to road traffic, becoming the first pedestrian street in West Germany.

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