In an official church document released Friday, the Vatican discouraged marriage between Catholics and Muslims, especially Catholic women and Muslim men.
Can Muslims get married with other religions?According to Islamic rules, Khalfaoui explains, Muslim men are permitted to marry women of other monotheist religions, whereas Muslim women may only marry Muslim men.
Is it halal to marry a non-Muslim?Most religious scholars agree that Islam permits Muslim men to marry “women of the book” – Christians or Jews – thus expanding the number of potential partners to choose from. Muslim women, on the other hand, are forbidden to marry a non-Muslim unless her partner converts to Islam, say purists.
Islamic scholars are expressing surprise at a Vatican statement cautioning Catholic women against marrying Muslim men. The Catholic Church, like most major religions, does not favor religiously mixed marriages, and has set restrictions on them. But this latest explicitly worded message from Rome appears to run counter to the new era of ecumenism between religions.
He has made history by being the first head of the Roman Catholic Church to pray in a mosque, and he has sought to heal the ancient wounds between Christians and Jews. But in spite of the general feelings of goodwill towards other religions that the Holy See has sought to generate since the groundbreaking Second Vatican Council Can a Muslim marry a Catholic?
This Is What Islam Says About Muslim Marrying a Non
the 1960s, there is still concern about interfaith marriages. This was illustrated by a document issued by the Vatican on 14 May on the subject of world migration.
In it, the head of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Refugees, Cardinal Stephen Fumio Hamao, warns women in traditionally Catholic countries about the risks of marrying Muslim men. The Can a Muslim marry a Catholic?
Can a Muslim marry a catholic?
of the warning is unusually direct for today's ecumenical climate, in which organized religions are at pains to express their tolerance of other cultural backgrounds. It says those difficulties are compounded in cases where the couple goes to live in a Muslim country. The document further says that such marriages need to be very carefully prepared for. The registrar of the Markfield Institute of Higher Education in Britain, Nizam Muhammad, took issue with the Vatican's view.
He said that a distinction must be made between religious belief and social custom. He acknowledged that some countries that are mainly Muslim have customs and cultures in which women are not treated as they should be. I think we have to detach ourselves. Muhammad said that he, as a Muslim with a Catholic wife, has personal experience of a life spent in harmony with Catholicism, and he feels that the church is making too much of the mixed-marriage issue.
In referring to children, he has touched on one of the most difficult aspects of a mixed marriage, namely the religion of the children. Both Catholic and Islamic faiths are alike in wanting the children of such unions to be part of their own flock. Rome insists that the children must be baptized and brought up as Christians. Part of the church's worry about marriage with Muslim men is that the dominating position of the man in many Islamic households makes it impossible in reality for the wife to bring up the children as Catholics.
In Islam, there are similar concerns. Muslim men are allowed to marry Jewish or Christian women with the proviso their children are brought up as Muslims.
Islam does not allow a Muslim woman to marry a non-Muslim man -- probably originally for the same reason, namely that the husband is likely to take the dominant role in deciding what religion the children will take. Catholic theologian Richard Puza, of Tuebingen University in Germany, added a few words to the debate.
He noted that regardless of the tone of the Vatican statement, the fact remains that the church does at least allow marriage between Catholics and Muslims. Second, he said, the latest Vatican document can be viewed as an assembly of facts, not as a religious standpoint that detracts from Muslim-Catholic relations. He said that on a purely factual level, there have been cases of troubles reported between mixed-faith couples who have gone to live in Muslim countries.
The fact that the Vatican document refers to that should not be seen as a criticism of Islam, but merely as a word of caution for Catholic women.