Question: Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?

Ida M. Tarbells name would become synonymous with the term muckraker after publication of her 19-part expose of the business practices of John D. Rockefellers Standard Oil Company that had destroyed her fathers oil business, as well as many other small oil related companies in Pennsylvanias oil region in the 1870s.

Who is Ida Tarbell and why is she a progressive muckraker?

She was one of the leading muckrakers of the Progressive Era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and pioneered investigative journalism. Born in Pennsylvania at the onset of the oil boom, Tarbell is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company.

What was the role of Ida Tarbell in the muckraker movement?

Ida Tarbell helped pioneer investigative journalism when she wrote a series of magazine articles about John D. Rockefeller and his Standard Oil Trust. She and other jour- nalists, who were called “muckrakers,” aided Progressive Movement reform efforts.

How is Ida Tarbell an example of a muckraker and what impact did she have on American society?

She became one of the most influential muckrakers of the Gilded Age, helping to usher in that age of political, economic and industrial reform known as the Progressive Era. “They had never played fair,” Tarbell wrote of Standard Oil, “and that ruined their greatness for me.”

What influenced Ida Tarbell?

At 34, fascinated by the story of Madame Roland, the leader of an influential salon during the French Revolution, she moved to Paris to write her biography. Overseas, Tarbell supported herself by writing numerous articles on the City of Light for the popular magazines of the day.

How did Ida Tarbell impact the Progressive Era?

Ida Tarbell helped transform journalism by introducing what is called today investigative journalism. ... Along with other muckrakers like Lincoln Steffens, Ray Stannard Baker, and Upton Sinclair, Tarbell ushered in reform journalism.

Who was the muckraker who took on the powerful Standard Oil monopoly?

Ida Tarbell Muckraking journalism emerged at the end of the 19th century largely in response to the excesses of the Gilded Age, and Ida Tarbell was one of the most famous of the muckrakers.

Who runs Standard Oil?

John D. Rockefeller Standard Oil, in full Standard Oil Company and Trust, American company and corporate trust that from 1870 to 1911 was the industrial empire of John D. Rockefeller and associates, controlling almost all oil production, processing, marketing, and transportation in the United States.

How was Standard Oil corrupt?

Standard Oil broke up in 1911 as a result of a lawsuit brought against it by the U.S. government in 1906 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890.

A spirit of change swept across America at the turn of the 20th century known as 'Progressivism,' which changed the course of the relationship and expectations between U. Uncover what 'Progressivism' stood for, its history, the inspiration behind the movement, the Progressives' goals, and how they achieved them.

The factory workers, most of them immigrants, nearly all women, ran for the doors to exit, only to find them locked from the outside. The workers crowded to the rooftops and on window ledges as fire engines arrived only to find that neither their hoses nor their ladders could reach high enough to help.

Many of the workers 60, by one estimate chose to jump to their deaths rather than face the fire inside. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire was one of the worst industrial Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker? in U. The idea that 248 people might die in such a senseless, seemingly preventable way was a matter of outrage for many Americans.

Why had the doors been locked? How could this have happened? The calls to action that followed were emblematic of a spirit of reform that had swept across the U. This movement, 'Progressivism', would go on to fundamentally change the nation, as well as create a permanent shift in what Americans expected from their governments. As an idea, Progressivism generally refers to the belief that government or people acting on its behalf can be used to address social problems, inequalities, or inequities facing the nation.

As a political term, the Progressive Party was born in 1912 in light of this idea. Whether you were a Progressive only in spirit or a member of the political organization of the same name, you shared several major goals: Ending corruption - Progressives wanted consumer rights, the ending of monopolies often called 'trusts,' which called for 'trust-busting'and clean government. Efficiency and perfection - Progressives held the belief that we really could eradicate most social failings and problems.

At the minimum, if we couldn't end these problems, we could streamline our solutions to provide the most efficient solutions. There were several policies that had leverage with both Progressives and everyday Americans including: Child Labor - Prior Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?

the Progressive era, child labor was depressingly common. Factory owners often preferred child workers since they were more manageable that is, less likely to strike and cheaper. Children in factories often worked 16-hour days in highly dangerous conditions. Temperance - Many Progressives were interested in root causes of social problems, the factors they thought that, by removing, they could cure the malady for good.

They believed that alcohol addiction was one of the chief problems of the era.

Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?

Equal Treatment - The political disenfranchisement of African Americans and women was a major issue for all Progressive groups. Education - The virtue of public education wasn't just to provide a 'way out' for poor minorities or immigrants, as it's often viewed today.

Instead, it was viewed as a civilizing force by Progressives, a social mechanism for creating new, industrious Americans. Urbanization and Labor Reform - The plight of urban areas was brought to light by reformers who tried to show Americans what their major cities were really like. A New York City Sweatshop, 1900 How Did Progressives Achieve Their Goals?

Progressives worked hard to bring the social issues they were passionate about to Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?. Possibly the most impactful Progressive-era reformers were found in the world of journalism.

Ida Tarbell was unique on two fronts; she was one of the few female national reporters during this era and she was a groundbreaking investigative journalist, what Theodore Roosevelt termed a ' muckraker'.

Why did General John J. Pershing refuse to allow the AEF to serve as in the of soldiers in Europe? because he did not want to work with the Allied Powers because he knew that a unified American front could intimidate the Central Powers because he could not speak a foreign language because his soldiers requested to only serve the US during Selective Service

Probably the most famous muckraker was Upton Sinclair, a journalist who used writing to promote his own social and political beliefs. His novel The Jungle was a scathing, unsettling, and Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?

look at the Chicago meat-packing industry. Though Sinclair didn't get the socialist revolution he desired, he did spur the nation to support federal legislation to change the industry, with the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.

Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?

Appearing around 1890, the movement was inspired by reformers who believed that effort, logic, and efficiency could, in time, cure most of society's ills. Their major targets were labor reform especially child laborurbanization, political and commercial corruption, and general improvement of modern life.

Progressives made massive changes to the nation's political system at both the state and federal levels, establishing new tools for popular control of the legislative process and new laws regulating dozens of different industries. Ultimately, the Progressive era faltered after the disaster of World War I, but the long-term impact of their reforms is still present in contemporary American society.

What is Progressivism?

Example: First define Progressivism, then explain Progressives' core belief system that drove their actions. Finally, differentiate between Progressivism as an idea system and as a political operation. Essay Prompt 2: Write an essay that explains the main desires of Progressives, as well as the way in which they went about achieving their goals.

Why was Ida Tarbell a muckraker?

Example: Analyze the concepts of ending corruption and efficiency and perfection. Then explain the role of muckraking and public awareness.

Essay Prompt 3: Write an essay where you describe which component of Progressivism you find most appealing. Example: If you aspire to becoming a teacher, you may want to write about Progressive education reform. Be sure to explain the views of Progressives regarding education, and what they thought it could do for American society. Graphic Organizer Prompt 1: Create a graphic organizer in which you list and define the sub-categories of Progressivism.

Example: Be sure to include child labor, temperance, education, etc. If you are a visual learner, it can be helpful to provide illustrations for each sub-category. For example, for child labor, you could draw a picture of a child working in a factory.

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