In Kemetic History of Afrika, Dr cheikh Anah Diop writes, “The ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Alkebu-lan “mother of mankind” or “garden of Eden”.” Alkebulan is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin.
What is Africa also known as?Africa is sometimes nicknamed the Mother Continent due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Humans and human ancestors have lived in Africa for more than 5 million years.
What is Africa called the Dark continent?Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.
Which is the richest continent in world?List by the International Monetary Fund (2021 estimate)RankContinentGDP (US$billion)World93,8641Asia36,3832North America26,2983Europe23,6144 more rows
Africa is a large continent with 47 countries on it plus 6 island nations off the coast, namely Cape Verde, What is the indigenous name for Africa? Tomé, Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles, and Mauritius, making the total to 53. All African countries are home to indigenous people. These people have a different lifestyle from the mainstream.
They are semi-nomadic or nomadic people, hunter-gatherers as well as livestock pastoralists often living in isolated or inaccessible regions.
They have distinct cultures and languages, and sadly, they have to face a lot of challenges. Most of the indigenous people in Africa suffer from discrimination and marginalization. Another main issue is that with climate change, the competition over natural resources is growing. They often have to face land dispossession and eviction from the land.
The rate of illiteracy and poverty is still very high among them. In the last ten years, indigenous organizations are slowly but growing. The indigenous movement throughout the continent is still weak. However, certain countries have a stronger network, such as Kenya in East Africa and South Africa. There is some success in Central African Rwanda and Burundi, but West Africa has shown no sign of indigenous movement so far.
We have selected ten of the many endangered indigenous peoples of Africa to raise awareness; they can not be forgotten; they form the core of our beginnings. Pygmy People Pygmy people live in several ethnic groups in ten different African countries, mainly in Central Africa, in the Congo rainforest.
Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, and Rwanda are the major locations. The best-known tribes are the Mbenga Aka and Baka of the western What is the indigenous name for Africa?, the Mbuti Efeand the Twa. Their home is the rainforest, where they can carry out traditional activities like hunting, gathering, and fishing. They also trade with the neighboring farmers for cultivated foods and other material items.
The major threat for them is deforestation, which forces them out of their homelands into villages and cities where they often are marginalized. In many countries, Pygmies are not considered citizens and are refused identity cards. Shocking that during the Congo Civil War, extensive mass killings, cannibalism, and rape of Pygmy people have been reported.
San People via San people — also known as Bushmen or Basarwa — live in Southern countries in Africa. The highest San population is in Botswana, the Kalahari Desert, and there are communities in Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.
None of these countries acknowledge them as indigenous people and generally San people are the poorest and most underprivileged people in their home countries. They are often facing land dispossessions and marginalization. In the past, they were mainly hunter-gatherers living in a society in which women can have higher status. The traditional economy is based on gifts that they are giving each other regularly.
Playing, music, dances and socializing is a very important part of their daily life and so is water as droughts are very common. Today many San people live in rural and urban areas working as domestic servants or farmhands, growing crops, and raising livestock.
In 1997 the San Bushmen of Botswana had to face evictions because of the diamond kimberlite pipes that lay under their land in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Botswana. They have been moved to settlements in New Xade. Masai People Photograph by What is the indigenous name for Africa?
Masai are nomadic herdsmen, living in Tanzania estimated 430. Their culture is patriarchal in nature, meaning that the elderly men, together with the retired elders, decide in major questions. Wealth is measured in the size of ones cattle and the number of children.
The Masai consider the soil dirty, so they neglect What is the indigenous name for Africa? activity, and they do not bury their dead in the earth either. Even the housing material is not clay-like in many other tribes but cow dung.
The Masai tribe men are born and raised to be warriors, traditionally at young age required to slay a lion armed only with a shield and spear. Women are responsible for beadwork, making necklaces and earrings. Masai people faced many difficulties in the past. A disease caused cattle loss, and in 1975 the Ngorongoro Conservation Area banned cultivation practices.
In recent years, many Masai people give up their nomadic lifestyle to start farming, do business, or even move to the towns and cities to hope for a better life. Ogiek people Photograph by Leonard Mindore The Ogiek are hunter-gatherer people in Kenya living in the Mau Forest complex, a vital ecosystem, and in Tanzania, where they are called Dorobo.
They are one of the oldest peoples in Kenya, and they have a deep connection with nature. They were following the migration paths of elephants for centuries when elephants still lived peacefully alongside humans.
They gave elephants honey to help them survive in times of drought and elephants would help people find water. Sadly in the last decades, Ogiek has been illegally dispossessed of their land evicted from the Mau forest.
They face poor political representation, discrimination, and exclusion. Their What is the indigenous name for Africa? seems to get worse each year because of the increasing competition for resources in their areas. Tuareg People Photograph by The Tuareg people are traditionally nomadic pastoralists, inhabitants of a large area of the middle and western Sahara.
They were a significant part of the trans-Saharan trade, trading with luxury items and enslaved people between cities of West Africa and the northern Mediterranean coast of Africa. Today the largest Tuareg population can be found in Niger around 700. They speak the Tamashek language and have a distinct culture, living in a matriarchal society.
Tuareg is a follower of Islam. Men are obliged to wear the veil from the age of 25, which conceals their entire face, excluding their eyes. This veil is never removed, even in front of family members. However, women do not have to wear the veil. At the end of the 19th century, the French ruled the Tuareg homeland and brought them under their colonial control. The trade activities stopped, and due to drought and famine, many Tuareg has moved to rural areas and cities farther south.
Political tensions with the governments of Mali and Niger have also caused migration. Oil production started in the 1950s, and after 40 years, it has resulted in the exploitation of people and nature. Due to the hundreds of oil spills, most of the fish were gone from the river; the groundwater is contaminated, the rain is acid rain. There is no drinking water, and the soil is not suitable for farming anymore. Because of flaring off-gas, the air is also severely polluted. During the protests, 27 villages were raided, resulting in the death of 2000 Ogoni people and displacement of 80.
In 1993 Shell decided to pull out of Ogoniland, but all of the pipelines and oil pumps remained and continued to leak.
Shell is working with the Nigerian government and has returned to the delta region in hopes of restarting and increasing operations. Hadza People Photograph via Hadza people live in north-central Tanzania around Lake Eyasi. They are hunter-gatherers, living like their ancestors for tens of thousands of years.
They are strongly attached to the land where their men hunt with bows and arrows, and the women gather roots. Since the 19th century, there have been attempts by the government to settle them. Recently they have to face intrusion from the neighboring groups, decreasing their land, and also they became a tourist attraction. This example shows the inadequate political representation and vulnerability of these indigenous people.
Doma People via The Doma people occupy the Zambezi River basin in the countries of Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Mozambique.
They mainly depend on the river where young and What is the indigenous name for Africa? go fishing, and they are foraging wild plants, animals, insects, and honey. The Doma families live in huts made of reeds and twigs and rely on roots and berries for medicine and use very few modern amenities.
The Doma people have distinct features due to a What is the indigenous name for Africa? genetic condition that is called ectrodactyly lobster claw syndrome.
They have two-toed feet and affects one in four children within the population. Two-toed members of the clan are deeply admired for their distinct features.
Indigenous Definition & Meaning
Doma people live below the poverty line. They are some of the poorest people in their countries. Hunger and starvation are ever-present. Dan People via The Dan or Gio people live in Liberia and in Ivory Coast; the estimated population is 350. They are predominantly a farming community, producing cocoa, rice, and sweet potato. Men do the hunting, and most of the fishing and women care for the children and prepare the meals. They live in polygamous, fraternal society where man can have more wives.
The most important art for Dan people is the carved wooden masks. They have a huge variety, each with unique forms and purposes which they use at ceremonies. The Dan has an interesting belief system. They believe in Zlan, who created everything, all the universe, and worship Du, an independent spiritual power present in all aspects of the universe. They believe in reincarnation, through which Du can enable a person to pass into another person or even an animal after death. Dreaming is the means through which people communicate with Du.
Peul People Photograph by In Niger, there is a large population, over 1 million, of Peul people. This is 8,5 percent of the total population. The Peul are mostly cattle and sheepherders. They live in all regions of the country, especially in the Sahelian zone.
Peul people are passionate about their cattle, which provides them milk, meat and when sold, they can buy millet, sugar, textiles, etc. Due to the increasing pressure on natural resources and desertification, many of them What is the indigenous name for Africa? semi-nomadic or agricultural and settle down.